What is a Dental Implant And How Do You Classify It

Dental Implant classification

The dental implant is an artificial tooth root placed in the jaw to hold a replacement tooth or bridge, Gum disease, injury, or other reason that may cause a person to lose tooth/teeth.
Dental implants are the latest procedure to replace a missing tooth or teeth without disturbing the teeth next to the space.
Dental implants are also recommended to stabilize dentures that are not sitting well in the mouth and are not adjusting.
Once the fusion of an implant with the bone is achieved, it will last as long as the patient maintains the hygiene of the mouth and continues with the follow-up appointments with the dentist.

dental implant

 

Qualities of dental implants.
Dental implants have numerous qualities which precede all other techniques to replace missing teeth which you can read in detail here.

• Dental implants give a natural appearance and feel, just like natural teeth.
• Dental implants are recommended in replacing missing teeth, which compromise esthetics.
• Dental implants are placed when the patient has difficulty chewing food.
• Dental implants are recommended if the dentures are unstable in the mouth.
• Dental implants are long-lasting and are highly indicated for patients who can afford them. Dental implants are tested for their performance, and the scientists have concluded a success rate of 85% at the end of 5 years of observation and 80% at the end of 10 years of observation.

Options while choosing dental implants.

Dental implants are chosen according to three main Dental Implant Classification requirements.
• Having one or more teeth replaced without affecting neighboring teeth.
• Supporting the bridge and getting rid of the need for a removable partial denture
• To support the denture with greater comfort and security.
Types of dental implants.
While there are several methods to place implants, the different types typically fall into two categories. The most common way of differentiating is the location and the number of missing teeth. Let’s discuss up both factors one by one.

Dental Implant Classification Based on the location of a dental implant.

The location of the mouth where the dental implant will be used determines its type.
1. Endosteal Dental Implant.
Endosteal is the most commonly used dental implant as a remedy for missing teeth. They are sometimes used as an alternative to a bridge or removable denture. Dentists plant the dental implant into the jaw bone in place of the roots.
Endosteal implants include
• screw types (threaded)
• cylinder types (smooth)
• bladed types.

endosteal implant
A prosthodontist can help determine which type of dental implant will work best for the patient.
Endosteal implants are safe, effective and the most popular choice used today.
As the endosteal implant fuses to the bone, the patient must wait for the gum tissues to heal. Once the tissues heal, the dentist will fix the crowns or fake teeth on the implants.

Patients’ gum can take around a month or two to heal before fixing the dentures.
Endosteal implants are suitable for providing a lasting solution. Patients can also have a natural feel of teeth.
The endosteal implant’s insertion starts by screwing the implant into the jawbone, which requires sufficient jawbone health and density.

2. Subperiosteal Implants:

Subperiosteal implants are only indicated in severe conditions where a patient has narrow and insufficient bone height and density to support dentures.
With subperiosteal implants, the overall treatment process is done in two appointments and is often a far shorter treatment plan than with an endosteal implant.
Subperiosteal implants are used. They are placed on the jawbone within the gum tissue, with the metal implant post exposed through the gums to hold the denture.

subpereosteal implant

3. Zygomatic Dental Implants.

Zygomatic dental implants are ideal for people who have gone through serious bone loss. The implants can be a great way to replace your teeth without undergoing multiple mouth surgeries. They are also less expensive and need less time to be implanted.
These implants use the zygomatic bone and jaw bone for sitting tightly in your gums.
The patient requires surgeries to place the implants. The procedure has a high success rate and can be a long-term solution for missing teeth. You may even get your replacement teeth the same day of your surgery.

zygomatic implant

 

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